1238 Battle of the Sit River is fought in the northern part of the present-day Yaroslavl Oblast of Russia between the Mongol Hordes of Batu Khan and the Russians under Yuri II of Vladimir-Suzdal

1776 The American War of Independence: The Americans capture Dorchester Heights dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts.

1804 The Battle of Vinegar Hill, colony of New South Wales (Australia), when Irish convicts (some of whom had been involved in Ireland’s Battle of Vinegar Hill in 1798) led the colony’s only significant convict uprising.

1861 Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as 16th US President

1865 Abraham Lincoln inaugurated for his 2nd term as US president

1893 Francis Dhanis’ army attacks the Lualaba, occupies Nyangwe

1936 1st flight of airship Hindenburg, Germany

1944 1st US bombing of Berlin

1945 Finland declares war on nazi-Germany