1341 – The Byzantine civil war of 1341–47 formally begins with the proclamation of John VI Kantakouzenos as Byzantine Emperor at Didymoteicho.
1520 – Charles V is crowned.
1640 – The Treaty of Ripon is signed, restoring peace between Scotland and Charles I of England.
1689 – General Piccolomini of Austria burns down Skopje to prevent the spread of cholera. He died of cholera himself soon after.
1776 – Benjamin Franklin departs from America for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution.
1863 – The Football Association, the oldest football association in the world, is formed in London.
1881 – The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral takes place at Tombstone, Arizona.
1905 – Sweden accepted the independence of Norway.
1917 – World War I: Battle of Caporetto; Italy suffers a catastrophic defeat to the forces of Austria-Hungary and Germany. The young unknown Oberleutnant Erwin Rommel captures Mount Matajur with only 100 Germans against a force of over 7000 Italians.
1921 – The Chicago Theatre opens.
1947 – The Maharaja of Kashmir and Jammu agrees to allow his kingdom to join India.
1958 – Pan American Airways makes the first commercial flight of the Boeing 707 from New York City to Paris, France.
1964 – Eric Edgar Cooke becomes last person in Western Australia to be executed.
1967 – Mohammad Reza Pahlavi crowns himself Emperor of Iran and then crowns his wife Farah Empress of Iran.