1700 – Russia gave up its Black Sea fleet as part of a truce with the Ottoman Empire.
1758 – British and Hanoverian armies defeated the French at Krefeld in Germany.
1760 – The Austrians defeated the Prussians at Landshut, Germany.
1757 – Robert Clive defeated the Indians at Plassey and won control of Bengal.
1884 – A Chinese Army defeated the French at Bacle, Indochina.
1902 – Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy renewed the Triple Alliance for a 12 year duration.
1931 – Wiley Post and Harold Gatty took off from New York on the first round-the-world flight in a single-engine plane.
1934 – Italy gained the right to colonize Albania after defeating the country.
1938 – The Civil Aeronautics Authority was established.
1938 – Marineland opened near St. Augustine, Florida.
1947 – The U.S. Senate joined the House in overriding President Truman’s veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.
1951 – Soviet U.N. delegate Jacob Malik proposed cease-fire discussions in the Korean War.
1952 – The U.S. Air Force bombed power plants on Yalu River, Korea.
1956 – Gamal Abdel Nasser was elected president of Egypt.
1964 – Henry Cabot Lodge resigned as the U.S. envoy to Vietnam and was succeeded by Maxwell Taylor.
1966 – Civil Rights marchers in Mississippi were dispersed by tear gas.
1972 – U.S. President Nixon and White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman discussed a plan to use the CIA to obstruct the FBI’s Watergate investigation.
2004 – The U.S. proposed that North Korea agree to a series of nuclear disarmament measures over a three-month period in exchange for economic benefits.
2015 – NASA’s Mars Odyssey completed its 60,000th orbit around Mars. The spacecraft entered orbit on October 23, 2001.