1700 – Russia gave up its Black Sea fleet as part of a truce with the Ottoman Empire.

1758 – British and Hanoverian armies defeated the French at Krefeld in Germany.

1760 – The Austrians defeated the Prussians at Landshut, Germany.

1757 – Robert Clive defeated the Indians at Plassey and won control of Bengal.

1884 – A Chinese Army defeated the French at Bacle, Indochina.

1902 – Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy renewed the Triple Alliance for a 12 year duration.

1931 – Wiley Post and Harold Gatty took off from New York on the first round-the-world flight in a single-engine plane.

1934 – Italy gained the right to colonize Albania after defeating the country.

1938 – The Civil Aeronautics Authority was established.

1938 – Marineland opened near St. Augustine, Florida.

1947 – The U.S. Senate joined the House in overriding President Truman’s veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.

1951 – Soviet U.N. delegate Jacob Malik proposed cease-fire discussions in the Korean War.

1952 – The U.S. Air Force bombed power plants on Yalu River, Korea.

1956 – Gamal Abdel Nasser was elected president of Egypt.

1964 – Henry Cabot Lodge resigned as the U.S. envoy to Vietnam and was succeeded by Maxwell Taylor.

1966 – Civil Rights marchers in Mississippi were dispersed by tear gas.

1972 – U.S. President Nixon and White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman discussed a plan to use the CIA to obstruct the FBI’s Watergate investigation.

2004 – The U.S. proposed that North Korea agree to a series of nuclear disarmament measures over a three-month period in exchange for economic benefits.

2015 – NASA’s Mars Odyssey completed its 60,000th orbit around Mars. The spacecraft entered orbit on October 23, 2001.