1404 – Owain Glyndwr established a Welsh Parliament at Machynlleth and was crowned Prince of Wales.
1859 – Andrew Lanergan received the first rocket patent.

1893 – The Ferris Wheel was introduced at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, IL.

1913 – Georgia Broadwick became the first woman to jump from an airplane.

1937 – In Paris, Leon Blum’s Popular Front Cabinet resigned.

1938 – In Washington, U.S. President Roosevelt signed the $3.75 billion Emergency Relief Appropriation Act.

1941 – German troops entered Russia on a front from the Arctic to Black Sea.

1945 – Pan Am announced an 88-hour round-the-world flight at a cost of $700.

1963 – France announced that they were withdrawing from the North Atlantic NATO fleet.

2004 – SpaceShipOne, designed by Burt Rutan and piloted by Mike Melvill, reached 328,491 feet above Earth in a 90 minute flight. The height is about 400 feet above the distance scientists consider to be the boundary of space.