1099 – Jerusalem fell to the Crusaders.
1410 – Poles and Lithuanians defeated the Teutonic knights at Tannenburg, Prussia.
1789 – The electors of Paris set up a “Commune” to live without the authority of the government.
1806 – Lieutenant Zebulon Pike began his western expedition from Fort Belle Fountaine, near St. Louis, MO.
1813 – Napoleon Bonaparte’s representatives met with the Allies in Prague to discuss peace terms.
1834 – Lord Napier of England arrived in Macao, China as the first chief superintendent of trade.
1870 – Georgia became the last of the Confederate states to be readmitted to the Union.
1895 – Ex-prime minister of Bulgaria, Stephen Stambulov, was murdered by Macedonian rebels.
1916 – In Seattle, WA, Pacific Aero Products was incorporated by William Boeing. The company was later renamed Boeing Co.
1918 – The Second Battle of the Marne began during World War I.
1942 – The first supply flight from India to China over the ‘Hump’ was carried to help China’s war effort.
1958 – Five thousand U.S. Marines landed in Beirut, Lebanon, to protect the pro-Western government. The troops withdrew October 25, 1958.
1965 – The spacecraft Mariner IV sent back the first close-up pictures of the planet Mars.
1968 – Commercial air travel began between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., when the first plane, a Soviet Aeroflot jet, landed at Kennedy International Airport in New York.
1971 – U.S. President Nixon announced he would visit the People’s Republic of China to seek a “normalization of relations.”
1972 – NASA’s Pioneer 10 spacecraft became the first to enter the asteroid belt.
1983 – Orly Airport attack is launched by Armenian militant organisation ASALA at the Paris-Orly Airport in Paris; it leaves eight people dead and 55 injured.
1996 – A Belgian Air Force C-130 Hercules carrying the Royal Netherlands Army marching band crashes on landing at Eindhoven Airport.
1998 – Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Tamil MP S. Shanmuganathan is killed by a claymore mine.
2002 – “American Taliban” John Walker Lindh pleads guilty to supplying aid to the enemy and to possession of explosives during the commission of a felony.
2002 – Anti-Terrorism Court of Pakistan hands down the death sentence to British born Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and life terms to three others suspected of murdering The Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl.
2006 – The social networking service Twitter was launched.