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27th November in History

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25 – Luoyang is declared capital of the Eastern Han dynasty by Emperor Guangwu of Han.
176 – Emperor Marcus Aurelius grants his son Commodus the rank of “Imperator” and makes him Supreme Commander of the Roman legions.
511 – King Clovis I dies at Lutetia and is buried in the Abbey of St Genevieve.
602 – Emperor Maurice is forced to watch his five sons be executed before being beheaded himself.
1703 – The first Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703.
1807 – The Portuguese Royal Family leaves Lisbon to escape from Napoleonic troops.
1810 – The Berners Street hoax was perpetrated by Theodore Hook in the City of Westminster, London.
1815 – Adoption of Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland.
1817 – US soldiers attack Florida Indian village, beginning Seminole War
1856 – The Coup of 1856 leads to Luxembourg’s unilateral adoption of a new, reactionary constitution.
1863 – American Civil War: Confederate cavalry leader John Hunt Morgan and several of his men escape the Ohio Penitentiary and return safely to the South.
1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Mine Run: Union forces under General George Meade take up positions against troops led by Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
1868 – American Indian Wars: Battle of Washita River: United States ArmyLieutenant ColonelGeorge Armstrong Custer leads an attack on Cheyenne living on reservation land.
1901 – The U.S. Army War College is established.
1912 – Spain declares a protectorate over the north shore of Morocco.
1932 – Poland & USSR sign non-aggression treaty
1940 – In Romania, the ruling Iron Guard fascist party assassinates over 60 of arrested King Carol II of Romania’s aides and other political dissidents.
1940 – World War II: At the Battle of Cape Spartivento, the Royal Navy engages the Regia Marina in the Mediterranean Sea.
1941 – USSR begins a counter offensive, causes Germany to retreat
1942 – World War II: At Toulon, the French navy scuttles its ships and submarines to keep them out of Nazi hands.
1943 – Conference of Tehran (Churchill-Roosevelt-Stalin)
1944 – World War II: RAF Fauld explosion: An explosion at a Royal Air Force ammunition dump in Staffordshire kills seventy people.
1945 – CARE (then the Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe) was founded to a send CARE Packages of food relief to Europe after World War II.
1962 – 1st test flight of the Boeing 727 takes place
1962 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1965 – Vietnam War: The Pentagon tells U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson that if planned operations are to succeed, the number of American troops in Vietnam has to be increased from 120,000 to 400,000.
1965 – 1st French satellite launched; France becomes 3rd nation in space
1966 – Uruguay adopts constitution
1973 – Twenty-fifth Amendment: The United States Senate votes 92–3 to confirm Gerald Ford as Vice President of the United States. (On December 6, the House will confirm him 387–35).
1978 – The Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) is founded in the city of Riha (Urfa) in Turkey.
1983 – Avianca Flight 011: A Boeing 747 crashes near Madrid’s Barajas Airport, killing 181.
1984 – Under the Brussels Agreement signed between the governments of the United Kingdom and Spain, the former agreed to enter into discussions with Spain over Gibraltar, including sovereignty.
1987 – South African Airways Flight 295 crashes and kills all 159 on board.
1989 – Avianca Flight 203: A Boeing 727 explodes in mid-air over Colombia, killing all 107 people on board and three people on the ground. The Medellín Cartel will claim responsibility for the attack.
1989 – France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1991 – The United Nations Security Council adopts Security Council Resolution 721, leading the way to the establishment of peacekeeping operations in Yugoslavia.
1992 – For the second time in a year, military forces try to overthrow president Carlos Andrés Pérez in Venezuela.
1999 – The centre-left Labour Party takes control of the New Zealand government with leader Helen Clark becoming the first elected female Prime Minister in New Zealand’s history.
2006 – The Canadian House of Commons approves a motion tabled by Prime MinisterStephen Harper recognizing the Québécois as a nation within Canada.
2009 – Nevsky Express bombing: A bomb explodes on the Nevsky Express train between Moscow and Saint Petersburg, derailing it and causing 28 deaths and 96 injuries.
2015 – An active shooter inside a Planned Parenthood facility in Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA, shoots at least four members of the Colorado Springs Police Department. One officer later dies. Two civilians were also killed, and six injured. The shooter later surrendered.

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