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4th December in History

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  • India celebrating its Navy Day
  • 771 – Austrasian king Carloman I dies, leaving his brother Charlemagne king of the now complete Frankish Kingdom.
  • 1110 – The Kingdom of Jerusalem captures Sidon.
  • 1259 – Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agree to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounces his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels.
  • 1489 – Battle of Baza – Spanish army captures Baza from Moors
  • 1534 – Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent occupies Baghdad
  • 1676 – Battle of Lund: A Danish army under the command of King Christian V engages the Swedish army commanded by Field Marshal Simon Grundel-Helmfelt.
  • 1745 – Charles Edward Stuart’s army reaches Derby, its furthest point during the Second Jacobite Rising.
  • 1783 – At Fraunces Tavern in New York City, U.S. General George Washington bids farewell to his officers.
  • 1832 – French army begins bombing citadel of Antwerp
  • 1851 – Pres Louis Napoleon Boaparte’s forces crush an attempted coup d’etat in France
  • 1864 – American Civil War: Sherman’s March to the Sea: At Waynesboro, Georgia, forces under Union General Judson Kilpatrick prevent troops led by Confederate General Joseph Wheeler from interfering with Union General William T. Sherman’s campaign destroying a wide swath of the South on his march to the Atlantic Ocean from Atlanta.
  • 1872 – The crewless American ship Mary Celeste is found by the Canadian brig Dei Gratia. The ship had been abandoned for nine days but was only slightly damaged.
  • 1893 – First Matabele War: A patrol of 34 British South Africa Company soldiers is ambushed and annihilated by more than 3,000 Matabele warriors on the Shangani River in Matabeleland.
  • 1908 – The world’s ten leading maritime nations attend a Naval Conference in London; they agree on rules for blockade, convoys, and seizure of contraband
  • 1918 – U.S. President Woodrow Wilson sails for the World War I peace talks in Versailles, becoming the first US president to travel to Europe while in office.
  • 1939 – World War II: HMS Nelson is struck by a mine (laid by U-31) off the Scottish coast and is laid up for repairs until August 1940.
  • 1942 – World War II: Carlson’s patrol during the Guadalcanal Campaign ends.
  • 1942 – US bombers struck Italian mainland for first time in WW II
  • 1943 – World War II: In Yugoslavia, resistance leader Marshal Josip Broz Tito proclaims a provisional democratic Yugoslav government in-exile.
  • 1943 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt closes down the Works Progress Administration, because of the high levels of wartime employment in the United States.
  • 1945 – By a vote of 65–7, the United States Senate approves United States participation in the United Nations. (The UN had been established on October 24, 1945.)
  • 1961 – Tanganyika becomes 104th member of UN
  • 1967 – Vietnam War: U.S. and South Vietnamese forces engage Viet Cong troops in the Mekong Delta.
  • 1971 – The Indian Navy attacks the Pakistan Navy and Karachi.
  • 1977 – Jean-Bédel Bokassa, president of the Central African Republic, crowns himself Emperor Bokassa I of the Central African Empire.
  • 1977 – Malaysian Airline System Flight 653 is hijacked and crashes in Tanjong Kupang, Johor, killing 100.
  • 1978 – Following the murder of Mayor George Moscone, Dianne Feinstein becomes San Francisco’s first female mayor.
  • 1981 – South Africa grants independence to the Ciskei “homeland” (not recognized by any government outside South Africa).
  • 1982 – The People’s Republic of China adopts its current constitution.
  • 1983 – US jet fighters strike Syrian anti-aircraft positions in Lebanon
  • 1984 – Sri Lankan Civil War: Sri Lankan Army soldiers kill 107–150 civilians in Mannar.
  • 1990 – Iraq announces it will release all 3,300 Soviet hostages
  • 1992 – Somali Civil War: President George H. W. Bush orders 28,000 U.S. troops to Somalia in Northeast Africa.
  • 1998 – The Unity Module, the second module of the International Space Station, is launched.
  • 2005 – Tens of thousands of people in Hong Kong protest for democracy and call on the government to allow universal and equal suffrage.
  • 2012 – Typhoon Bopha makes landfall in the Philippines killing at least 81 people
  • 2015 – A firebomb is thrown into a restaurant in the Egyptian capital of Cairo, killing 17 people.

 

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