610 – Coronation of Byzantine Emperor Heraclius.

816 – King Louis the Pious is crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Stephen IV at Reims.

869 – The Fourth Council of Constantinople is convened to decide about what to do about patriarch Photius of Constantinople.

1143 – King Alfonso VII of León and Castile recognises Portugal as a Kingdom.

1450 – Jews are expelled from Lower Bavaria by order of Louis IX, Duke of Bavaria.

1550 – Foundation of Concepción, city in Chile.

1582 – Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.

1789 – French Revolution: Women of Paris march to Versailles in the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI of France about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris.

1793 – French Revolution: Christianity is disestablished in France.

1813 – Battle of the Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British and kill Shawnee leader Tecumseh.

1905 – Wilbur Wright pilots Wright Flyer III in a flight of 24 miles in 39 minutes, a world record that stood until 1908.

1910 – In a revolution in Portugal the monarchy is overthrown and a republic is declared.

1914 – World War I: first aerial combat resulting in an intentional fatality.

1915 – Bulgaria enters World War I as one of the Central Powers.

1930 – British airship R101 crashes in France en route to India on its maiden voyage.

1938 – In Nazi Germany, Jews’ passports are invalidated, and those who needed a passport for emigration purposes are given one marked with the letter J (Jude – Jew).

1943 – Ninety-eight American POWs are executed by Japanese forces on Wake Island.

1944 – Suffrage is extended to women in France.

1947 – The first televised White House address is given by U.S. President Harry S. Truman.

1974 – Guildford pub bombings: bombs planted by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) kill four British soldiers and one civilian.

1984 – Marc Garneau becomes the first Canadian in space, aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger.

1988 – The Chilean opposition coalition Concertación (center-left) defeats Augusto Pinochet in his re-election attempt and a general election is called the following year.

1990 – After one hundred and fifty years The Herald broadsheet newspaper in Melbourne, Australia, is published for the last time as a separate newspaper.

1991 – An Indonesian military transport crashes after takeoff from Jakarta killing 137.

2011 – In the Mekong River massacre, two Chinese cargo boats are hijacked and 13 crew members murdered in the lawless Golden Triangle region of Southeast Asia.