1615 – The fortress of Osaka, Japan, fell to shogun Ieyasu after a six month siege.
1647 – The British army seized King Charles I and held him as a hostage.
1783 – A hot-air balloon was demonstrated by Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier. It reached a height of 1,500 feet.
1784 – Marie Thible became the first woman to fly in a hot-air balloon. The flight was 45 minutes long and reached a height of 8,500 feet.
1794 – British troops captured Port-au-Prince, Haiti.
1805 – Tripoli was forced to conclude peace with U.S. after conflicts over tribute.
1816 – The Washington was launched at Wheeling, WV. It was the first stately, double-decker steamboat.
1878 – Turkey turned Cyprus over to Britain.
1918 – French and American troops halted Germany’s offensive at Chateau-Thierry, France.
1919 – The U.S. Senate passed the Women’s Suffrage bill.
1924 – An eternal light was dedicated at Madison Square in New York City in memory of all New York soldiers who died in World War I.
1931 – The first rocket-glider flight was made by William Swan in Atlantic City, NJ.
1940 – The British completed the evacuation of 300,000 troops at Dunkirk, France.
1942 – The Battle of Midway began. It was the first major victory for America over Japan during World War II. The battle ended on June 6 and ended Japanese expansion in the Pacific.
1943 – In Argentina, Juan Peron took part in the military coup that overthrew Ramon S. Castillo.
1944 – The U-505 became the first enemy submarine captured by the U.S. Navy.
1944 – During World War II, the U.S. Fifth Army entered Rome, which began the liberation of the Italian capital.
1954 – French Premier Joseph Laniel and Vietnamese Premier Buu Loc initialed treaties in Paris giving “complete independence” to Vietnam.
1960 – The Taiwan island of Quemoy was hit by 500 artillery shells fired from the coast of Communist China.
1974 – Sally Murphy became the first woman to qualify as an aviator with the U.S. Army.
1986 – Jonathan Jay Pollard, a former Navy intelligence analyst, pled guilty in Washington to spying for Israel. He was sentenced to life in prison.