1806 – A Spanish army repelled the British during their attempt to retake Buenos Aires, Argentina.
1811 – Venezuela became the first South American country to declare independence from Spain.
1814 – U.S. troops under Jacob Brown defeated a superior British force at Chippewa, Canada.
1830 – France occupied the North African city of Algiers.
1832 – The German government began curtailing freedom of the press after German Democrats advocate a revolt against Austrian rule.
1839 – British naval forces bombarded Dingai on Zhoushan Island in China and then occupied it.
1863 – U.S. Federal troops occupied Vicksburg, MS, and distributed supplies to the citizens.
1865 – William Booth founded the Salvation Army in London.
1865 – The U.S. Secret Service Division was created to combat currency counterfeiting, forging and the altering of currency and securities..
1892 – Andrew Beard was issued a patent for the rotary engine.
1940 – During World War II, Britain and the Vichy government in France broke diplomatic relations.
1941 – German troops reached the Dnieper River in the Soviet Union.
1943 – The battle of Kursk began as German tanks attack the Soviet salient. It was the largest tank battle in history.
1950 – U.S. forces engaged the North Koreans for the first time at Osan, South Korea.
1977 – Military coup in Pakistan: Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, is overthrown.
1987 – Sri Lankan Civil War: The LTTE uses suicide attacks on the Sri Lankan Army for the first time. The Black Tigers are born and, in the following years, will continue to kill with the tactic.
1995 – The Republic of Armenia adopts its constitution, four years after its independence from the Soviet Union.
1998 – Japan joined U.S. and Russia in space exploration with the launching of the Planet-B probe to Mars.
1999 – U.S. President Bill Clinton imposes trade and economic sanctions against the Taliban regime in Afghanistan.
2004 – The first Indonesian presidential election is held.
2006 – North Korea tests four short-range missiles, one medium-range missile and a long-range Taepodong-2. The long-range Taepodong-2 reportedly fails in mid-air over the Sea of Japan.