1409 Austrian civil war ends

1815 US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute

1857 Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.

1904 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison’s cylinder.

1915 US National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics(NACA) created, the predecessor of NASA

1939 In Mumbai (Bombay), MohandasGandhi begins to fast in protest against autocratic rule in India.

1945 RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511