1289 – Qala’un, the Sultan of Egypt, captured Tripoli.
1429 – Joan of Arc led Orleans, France, to victory over Britain.
1661 – The Chinese Ming dynasty occupied Taiwan.
1672 – King Louis XIV of France invaded the Netherlands.
1856 – A peace treaty was signed between England and Russia.
1858 – Austrian troops invaded Piedmont.
1916 – Irish nationalists surrendered to British authorities in Dublin.
1918 – Germany’s Western Front offensive ended in World War I.
1924 – An open revolt broke out in Santa Clara, Cuba.
1945 – The German Army in Italy surrendered unconditionally to the Allies.
1945 – In a bunker in Berlin, Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun were married. Hitler designated Admiral Karl Doenitz his successor.
1945 – The Nazi death camp, Dachau, was liberated.
1946 – Twenty-eight former Japanese leaders were indicted in Tokyo as war criminals.
1988 – Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev promised more religious freedom.
1990 – The destruction of the Berlin Wall began.
1994 – Israel and the PLO signed an agreement in Paris which granted Palestinians broad authority to set taxes, control trade and regulate banks under self-rule in the Gaza Strip and Jericho.
1996 – Former CIA Director William Colby was missing and presumed drowned after an apparent boating accident in Maryland. Colby’s body was later recovered.