1686 – The first volume of Isaac Newton’s “Principia Mathamatic” was published.
1789 – A mutiny on the British ship Bounty
took place when a rebel crew took the ship and set sail to Pitcairn Island. The mutineers left Captain W. Bligh and 18 sailors adrift.
1818 – U.S. President James Monroe proclaimed naval disarmament on the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain.
1902 – A revolution broke out in the Dominican Republic.
1910 – First night air flight was performed by Claude Grahame-White in England.
1916 – The British declared martial law throughout Ireland.
1919 – The League of Nations was founded.
1920 – Azerbaijan joined the USSR.
1945 – Benito Mussolini and his mistress Clara Petacci were executed by Italian partisans as they attempted to flee the country.
1946 – The Allies indicted Tojo with 55 counts of war crimes.
1952 – The U.S. occupation of Japan officially ended when a treaty with the U.S. and 47 other countries went into effect.
1953 – French troops evacuated northern Laos.
1965 – The U.S. Army and Marines invaded the Dominican Republic to evacuate Americans.
1967 – Muhammad Ali refused induction into the U.S. Army and was stripped of boxing title. He cited religious grounds for his refusal.
1969 – Charles de Gaulle resigned as president of France.
1997 – A worldwide treaty to ban chemical weapons took effect. Russia and other countries such as Iraq and North Korea did not sign.
1999 – The U.S. House of Representatives rejected (on a tie vote of 213-213) a measure expressing support for NATO’s five-week-old air campaign in Yugoslavia. The House also voted to limit the president’s authority to use ground forces in Yugoslavia.
2001 – A Russian rocket launched from Central Asia with the first space tourist aboard. The crew consisted of California businessman Dennis Tito and two cosmonauts. The destination was the international space station.
2008 – India set a world record when it sent 10 satellites into orbit from a single launch.