1657 – English Admiral Robert Blake fought his last battle when he destroyed the Spanish fleet in Santa Cruz Bay.
1689 – The siege of Londonderry began. Supporters of James II attacked the city.
1775 – American troops began the siege of British-held Boston.
1792 – France declared war on Austria, Prussia, and Sardinia. It was the start of the French Revolutionary wars.
1809 – Napoleon defeated Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria.
1879 – First mobile home (horse drawn) was used in a journey from London to Cyprus.
1902 – Scientists Marie and Pierre Curie isolated the radioactive element radium.
1945 – Soviet troops began their attack on Berlin.
1945 – During World War II, Allied forces took control of the German cities of Nuremberg and Stuttgart.
1953 – Operation Little Switch began in Korea. It was the exchange of sick and wounded prisoners of war. Thirty Americans were freed.