44 BC – Casca and Cassius decide, on the night before the Assassination of Julius Caesar, that Mark Antony should stay alive.
313 – Emperor Jin Huidi is executed by Liu Cong, ruler of the Xiongnu state (Han Zhao)
1489 – The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice.
1647 – Thirty Years’ War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.
1794 – Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin.
1891 – The submarine Monarch laid telephone cable along the bottom of the English Channel to prepare for the first telephone links across the Channel.
1923 – President Harding became the first U.S. President to file an income tax report.
1931 – Alam Ara, India’s first talking film, is released.
1939 – Slovakia declares independence under German pressure
1951 – Korean War: For the second time, United Nations troops recapture Seoul
1981 – Three Pakistani airline hijackers surrendered in Syria after they had exchanged 100 passengers and crewmen for 54 Pakistani prisoners.
1995 – Space exploration: Astronaut Norman Thagard becomes the first American astronaut to ride to space on board a Russian launch vehicle.
2008 – A series of riots, protests, and demonstrations erupt in Lhasa and elsewhere in Tibet.