1895 – German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays

1942 – 1st WW II American expeditionary force lands in Africa (Gold Coast)

1942 – Hitler proclaims fall of Stalingrad from Munich beer hall

1950 – 1st jet-plane battle ever, in Korean War

1980 – Voyager 1 space probe discovers 15th moon of Saturn

1990 – 100,000 additional US troops are sent to Persian gulf

2002 – Iraq disarmament crisis: UN Security Council Resolution 1441 – The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves a resolution on Iraq, forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face “serious consequences”.

2014 – US President Obama authorises deployment of 1500 additional troops to help train and advise Iraqi and Kurdish forces fighting Islamic State militants