1098 – Christian Crusaders of the First Crusade seized Antioch, Turkey.

1539 – Hernando De Soto claimed Florida for Spain.

1621 – The Dutch West India Company received a charter for New Netherlands (now known as New York).

1784 – The U.S. Congress formally created the United States Army to replace the disbanded Continental Army. On June 14, 1775, the Second Continental Congress had created the Continental Army for purposes of common defense and this event is considered to be the birth of the United States Army.

1800 – John Adams moved to Washington, DC. He was the first President to live in what later became the capital of the United States.

1805 – A peace treaty between the U.S. and Tripoli was completed in the captain’s cabin on board theUSS Constitution.

1918 – The Finnish Parliament ratified its treaty with Germany.

1923 – In Italy, Benito Mussolini granted women the right to vote.

1937 – The Duke of Windsor, who had abdicated the British throne, married Wallis Warfield Simpson.

1938 – The German Reich voted to confiscate so-called “degenerate art.”

1952 – A rebellion by North Korean prisoners in the Koje prison camp in South Korea was put down by American troops.

1959 – The first class graduated from the Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, CO.

1965 – Edward White became the first American astronaut to do a “space walk” when he left theGemini 4 capsule.

1970 – Har Gobind Khorana and colleagues announced the first synthesis of a gene from chemical components.

1989 – Chinese army troops positioned themselves to began a sweep of Beijing to crush student-led pro-democracy demonstrations in Tiananmen Square.

1999 – Slobodan Milosevic’s government accepted an international peace plan concerning Kosovo. NATO announced that airstrikes would continue until 40,000 Serb forces were withdrawn from Kosovo.