1764 – Gov Winthrop Telescope is destroyed in a Harvard fire

1839 – Charles Darwin elected Fellow of the Royal Society

1857 – The University of Calcutta is formally founded as the first full-fledged university in south Asia.

1908 – Gen Baden-Powell starts Boy Scouts

1916 – Conscription was introduced in Britain.

1924 – Benito Mussolini disallows non-fascists work union

1925 – Moving picture of a solar eclipse taken from dirigible over Long Island

1958 – After warming to 100,000,000 degrees, 2 light atoms are bashed together to create a heavier atom, resulting in 1st man-made nuclear fusion

1965 – Winston Churchill died at the age of 90.

1966 – Over 100 passengers are killed after an Air India Boeing-707 plane crashed into Mont Blanc

1986 – The Voyager 2 space probe flew past Uranus. The probe came within 50,679 miles of the seventh planet of the solar system.