1838 – The Wilkes’ expedition to the South Pole set sail.
1846 – The telegraph ticker was patented by R.E. House
1847 – U.S. troops defeated almost 17,000 Mexican soldiers commanded by Santa Anna at Cerro Gordo. (Mexican-American War)
1853 – The first train in Asia began running from Bombay to Thana.
1877 – Charles Cros wrote a paper that described the process of recording and reproducing sound. In France, Cros is regarded as the inventor of the phonograph. In the U.S., Thomas Edison gets the credit.
1895 – New York State passed an act that established free public baths.
1934 – The first Laundromat opened in Fort Worth, TX.
1937 – Leon Trotsky called for the overthrow of Soviet leader Josef Stalin.
1942 – The Vichy government capitulated to Adolf Hitler and invited Pierre Laval to form a new government in France.
1943 – Traveling in a bomber, Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, was shot down by American P-38 fighters.
1945 – American war correspondent Ernie Pyle was killed by Japanese gunfire on the Pacific island of Ie Shima, off Okinawa. He was 44 years old.
1946 – The League of Nations was dissolved.
1949 – The Republic of Ireland was established.
1950 – The first transatlantic jet passenger trip was completed.
1954 – Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser seized power in Egypt.
1980 – Rhodesia became in independent nation of Zimbabwe.
1983 – The U.S. Embassy in Beirut was blown up by a suicide car-bomber. 63 people were killed including 17 Americans.