1860 – Abraham Lincoln was elected to be the sixteenth president of the United States.

1913 – Mohandas K. Gandhi was arrested as he led a march of Indian miners in South Africa.

1914 – The British land troops (mostly from the Indian Army) at the head of the Persian Gulf in Mesopotamia, and will begin to move westward in an attempt to draw Turkish troops from other fronts

1952 – The first hydrogen bomb was exploded at Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.

1973 – NASA’s Pioneer 10 spacecraft began photographing Jupiter.