• 1814Netherlands Bank issues its 1st banknotes
  •  1818 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile’s independence movement – led by Bernardo O’Higgins

and José de San Martín – win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.

  • 1879Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • 1897 The Greco-Turkish War, also called “Thirty Days’ War”, is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1922 KOB-AM in Albuquerque NM begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WDZ-AM in Decatur IL begins radio transmissions
  • 1943 Japanese troops conquer Indin
  • 1944 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.