1314 – Scottish forces led by Robert the Bruce won over Edward II of England at the Battle of Bannockburn in Scotland.
1340 – The English fleet defeated the French fleet at Sluys, off the Flemish coast.
1497 – Italian explorer John Cabot, sailing in the service of England, landed in North America on what is now Newfoundland.
1509 – Henry VIII was crowned King of England.
1664 – New Jersey, named after the Isle of Jersey, was founded.
1675 – King Philip’s War began when Indians massacre colonists at Swansee, Plymouth colony.
1717 – The Freemasons were founded in London.
1793 – The first republican constitution in France was adopted.
1812 – Napoleon crossed the Nieman River and invaded Russia.
1844 – Charles Goodyear was granted U.S. patent #3,633 for vulcanized rubber.
1859 – At the Battle of Solferino, also known as the Battle of the Three Sovereigns, the French army led by Napoleon III defeated the Austrian army under Franz Joseph I in northern Italy.
1861 – Federal gunboats attacked Confederate batteries at Mathias Point, Virginia.
1862 – U.S. intervention saved the British and French at the Dagu forts in China.
1910 – The Japanese army invaded Korea.
1913 – Greece and Serbia annulled their alliance with Bulgaria following border disputes over Macedonia and Thrace.
1931 – The Soviet Union and Afghanistan signed a treaty of neutrality.
1940 – France signed an armistice with Italy.
1941 – U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt pledged all possible support to the Soviet Union.
1947 – Kenneth Arnold reported seeing flying saucers over Mt. Rainier, Washington.
1948 – The Soviet Union began the Berlin Blockade.
1955 – Soviet MIG’s down a U.S. Navy patrol plane over the Bering Strait.
1997 – The U.S. Air Force released a report titled “The Roswell Report, Case Closed” that dismissed the claims that an alien spacecraft had crashed in Roswell, NM, in 1947.