1430 – Joan of Arc was captured by Burgundians. She was then sold to the English.

1873 – Canada’s North West Mounted Police force was established. The organization’s name was changed to Royal Canadian Mounted Police in 1920.

1900 – Civil War hero Sgt. William H. Carney became the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor, 37 years after the Battle of Fort Wagner.

1901 – American forces captured Filipino rebel leader Emilio Aguinaldo.

1908 – Part of the Great White Fleet arrived in Puget Sound, WA.

1915 – During World War I, Italy joined the Allies as they declared war on Austria-Hungary.

1945 – In Luneburg Germany, Heinrich Himmler, the head of the Nazi Gestapo, committed suicide while imprisoned by the Allied forces.

1949 – The Republic of West Germany was established.

1960 – Israel announced the capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina.

1985 – Thomas Patrick Cavanagh was sentenced to life in prison for trying to sell Stealth bomber secrets to the Soviet Union.

1992 – In Lisbon, Portugal , the U.S. and four former Soviet republics signed an agreement to implement the START missile reduction treaty that had been agreed to by the Soviet Union before it was dissolved.

1998 – British Protestants and Irish Catholics of Northern Ireland approved a peace accord.