1571 – The Royal Exchange opens in London.

1719 – The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire.

1849 – English-born Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman in America to receive medical degree. It was from the Medical Institution of Geneva, NY.

1897 – Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born

1907 – Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes 1st Native American US senator

1909 – RMS Republic, a passenger ship of the White Star Line, becomes the first ship to use the CQD distress signal after colliding with another ship, the SS Florida, off the Massachusetts coastline, an event that kills six people. The Republic sinks the next day.

1924 – The first Labour government was formed, under Ramsay MacDonald.

1960 – The bathyscaphe USS Trieste breaks a depth record by descending to 10,911 metres (35,797 ft) in the Pacific Ocean.

1968 – North Korea seized the U.S. Navy ship Pueblo, charging it had intruded into the nation’s territorial waters on a spying mission. The crew was released 11 months later.

1973 – U.S. President Nixon announced that an accord had been reached to end the Vietnam War.

1997 – Madeleine Albright becomes the first woman to serve as United States Secretary of State.

2013 – US armed forces overturns 1994 ban on women serving in combat